Examples of establishments listed by the Bureau of Census includes the following:
Berries, fresh, merchant wholesalers;
Fresh fruits, vegetables, and berries merchant wholesalers;
Fruits, fresh, merchant wholesalers;
Health foods, fresh fruits, and vegetables, merchant wholesalers;
Produce, fresh, merchant wholesalers;
Salads, prepackaged, merchant wholesalers; and
Vegetables, fresh, merchant wholesalers.”
Employment and Wages, Salaries, and Earnings
The number of jobs in the industry has been trending upward. On average, the industry directly created more than 89,000 jobs per year in the United States since 2001 (Figure 1). The five Gulf of Mexico States (AL, FL, LA, MS, and TX) contributed about 17.4 percent of all the jobs during the period (Figure 2). The activities in Mississippi and Alabama during the same period added 0.38 and 0.53 percent of the total number of jobs, respectively.
The average wages, salaries, and earnings in the industry in the entire United States have been slowly rising during the later part of the period. The combined wages, salaries, and proprietor earnings (at constant 2017 prices) of all the QCEW employees, non-QCEW employees, self-employed, and extended proprietors averaged $56,400 per person during the entire period under consideration (Figure 1).
Among the workers in the industry in the Gulf of Mexico States, the average wages, salaries, and earnings have been slowly increasing during the later part of the period. The annual earnings of workers and owners in the Gulf of Mexico States during the period averaged $51,630 per person or 91.5 percent of the national average (Figure 2). During the same period, Mississippi and Alabama workers and owners received average annual pay amounting to 78.7 and 82.2 percent of the national average, respectively.
Distribution of Workers and Owners by Gender
The most recent industrial overview released by EMSI (Feb. 2018) showed that among workers and owners, 71.9 percent were males (Figure 3). About 28.1 percent of the workers and owners were females. In the Gulf States, relatively more men and fewer women worked and owned these businesses.
Distribution of Workers and Owners by Race or Ethnicity
The latest industrial overview posted by EMSI (Feb. 2018) also grouped workers and owners by race or ethnicity (Figure 4). The majority of the workers and owners are White (54.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (27.5%), African American (9.7%), and Asian (6.6%). In the Gulf States, relatively fewer White, (46.6%) and Asian (3.2%), more Hispanic (33.9%) and African American (15.3%) people are working in these businesses.
Distribution of Workers and Owners by Age
The technical overview published by EMSI (Feb. 2018) also classified workers and owners by age (Figure 5). Almost one out of 4 of the workers and owners are 55 years old and above. The “45-54” year-old workers and owners comprised of 26.1 percent of the total. The “35-44” year-old group added 23.1 percent of the total. The younger workers and owners comprise 27.3 percent of the rest. The workers and owners in the Gulf States have similar age distribution.